May 26 is the anniversary of the Wismar Massacre, when Indians were targeted for destruction. The PPP will not observe this anniversary. It runs counter to their “One Guyana vision,” a vision based on appeasement. While most of the victims have passed on, there are still surviving victims, scattered all over Guyana. The speed, brutality, and sheer numbers of attackers, estimated to be over 17,000 suggests this was a well plan massacre, being at the tail end of the US/Britain covert destabilization operation, to oust the legitimate Government of Guyana. The million-dollar question is: What did the US/Britain know about that massacre, and what role did they played in it? Most of the US’s documents on this are still classified despite Clinton’s executive order 12958.
When the US launched covert actions to destabilize the PPP Government, Dean Rusk, then U.S Secretary of State, asked for a “legal opinion” on US activities on then British Guiana. That legal opinion was never made public. Furthermore, JFK on a visit to Britain, said the Guyana situation was at the top of the agenda. As with any type of foreign policy decision, a list of options will be presented to policymakers. I believe the US already made up its mind what actions needed to be taken, and JFK wanted to convince Britain to go along. This raises a legal question: what legal obligations British officials had to protect British citizens upon hearing that a crime was about to take place?
Guyanese were British citizens up until the second before independence, thus are accorded all rights and privileges afforded under the British Constitution and international laws Britain is a party to. This included the British Constitution, Geneva Convention, and the European Convention on Human rights which was spearheaded by Winston Churchill. Failure to act… is a serious crime under the Geneva Convention. It would be akin to George Bush having a meeting with Bin Laden and being told of an impending attack on the Trade Towers and did nothing to stop it.
I suspect the PPP made massive secret deals with the PNC/US/Britain prior to Oct. 5, 1992. The US’s concern with retribution against its ally, the PNC, Jagan’s leftist tendencies, and the sellout divestment deals negotiated by Dictator Hoyte, that Jagan pledged to revisit, sought to trap the PPP. The US ran counterbalancing strategies against Leftist Haitian President, Aristide around the same time, and later, Chavez in Venezuela. CBS’s 60 minutes and Allan Nairn broke the story in The Nation according to Nairn and researcher Lisa McGowan, the U.S created a task force in the NSC, to watch over Aristide, and a paramilitary, FRAPH, was created by DEA agent Patrick Collins, to counterbalance Aristide, who sought to remove human rights abusers (spies) in the Police/Army against the wishes of the United States. The Guyanese election was scheduled for 1990, but PNC shenanigans with the voters list delayed it until 1992, giving the U.S time to trap the PPP. I believe the PPP pledged not to change/disband the GDF, a condition Hoyte demanded. The GDF composed almost entirely of Afros would serve as a counterbalance to Jagan and would also prevent any Indian extremists/Nationalist groups from forming/spreading or taking revenge against the US allies, the PNC, or its supporters. Ask Indians why they didn’t fight back in 1992, 1997-2002 or the 2020 election violence and the answer is the same, “the Army/Police are all Afros….this strategy serves its creator well indeed. In 2018, Granger reportedly said “the PPP should never gain control over the GDF”. The US have significant influence over the GDF as I have written before, over 900 GDF officers were trained at the School of the Americas, according to Covert Action Information Bulletin, and CIA renegade Officers, Phil Agee mentioned that the U.S secret took control of the security forces of W.H countries when both political parties are going communists. The PNC/PPP secret talk in 1979, about a Socialist national front Gov’t…would have alarmed the US, thus relying on the GDF as a buttress against a fully communist front Gov’t. According to the WPA, Burnham’s purge/reassignment of top GDF officials and transfer of Arms to the House of Israel/YSM from 1979-1982, was a direct result of US influence in the GDF.
If the PPP did make secret deals with the PNC/US/Britain, then they’re guilty of conspiracy under the Constitution of Guyana, and the Geneva Convention as standing members of the PNC were accused of War crimes regarding Wismar. The Geneva treaty clearly states: “member states must turn over suspects accused of war crimes, and aid in the prosecution of said accusers.”
Running a covert Operations means that the US/Britain must have people on the ground to gauge its success and report back to HQ on how it is going, meaning that cables/reports must have existed on the events, usually a “Chief of operations” would make daily reports on the events. As with Operation Ajax in Iran…the CIA must have hired/sponsored hooligan, gangsters, rapists, and murderers to help carry out the destabilization activities. Did some of these paid criminals participate in the Wismar? This would legally implicate the U.S. Were British officials aware, and to what extent? British officials such as Richard Luyt, and the British Police commissioner must have known that the British were involved and thus reacted callously toward the massacre, which they did.
War crimes/Crimes against humanity have no statute of limitations upon filing a criminal complaint the Judge will set a discovery period where the plaintiff will seek pertinent materials from the defendants citing the Geneva convention Treaty/CCPG and European Convention on Human rights. (the laws clearly state that member countries must turn over relevant documents/individuals) In the U.S classification laws prohibit the classification of material to protect criminal acts.(If the State Dep. AG did advised Rusk that pending actions violated laws, this would make make U.S actions criminal under U.S laws) The truth of the matters is the victims of Wismar, British citizens at the time, were victims of terrorism initiated by foreign powers, with knowledge/collusion of their own Gov’t during the 1960’s have rights under various British laws….it’s time for Indian activists to stop writing intellectual articles on how the solve the “Guyana problem” that few people read, and fewer understand, and start using the laws.